Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhumkolata, Gorak Phal.
Tribal Name: Aanu akma (Marma); Mathri gula (Tanchangya).
English Name: Passion-flower, Stinking Passion-flower.
Description of the Plant:
A slender climber. Leaves palmately 3-lobed, 3.8-6.3 cm long. Flowers 2.5 cm across, white with purple centre, solitary, axillary, with an involucre of finely pinnatifid bracteoles. Fruit like a small gooseberry, yellow when mature.
The plant is used in the form of lotions or paste for skin diseases with inflammation. Hot infusion of the dried plants is useful for sore throat. Leaves are considered emmenagogue; prescribed in hysteria, applied to head in giddiness and headache; decoction is used in biliousness and asthma. Fruits are emetic (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Five flavonoids, pachypodol, 4, 7-dimethylnaringenin, ermanin, 4, 7-O-dimethyl naringenin and 3, 5-dihydroxy-4, 7-dimethoxy flavanone, have been isolated from the leaves. Ten flavonoids (apigenin), including ermanin, have been isolated from the resin present in the stem. The plant also contains indole alkaloids (Harman 70µg/100g), hydrogen cyanide and cyanogenic glycosides (Ghani, 2003).
More of less throughout the country in fallow lands.