Family: Rubiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Gandhabhaduli, Gandhal.

Tribal Name: Ghorbobhai shak (Tanchunga); Patabansludi (Chakma); Kha Bu Noya, Noya Bock (Marma).  

English Name: Chinese Flower Plant, Chinese Moon-creeper, Kings Tonic.

Description of the Plant:
An extensive, foetid climber. Leaves opposite, ovate or lanceolate, acute or cuspidate, 2.5-3.8 cm long. Flowers violet, shortly pedicelled in slender tricholomous, often scorpioid paniculate cymes, about 15 cm long; corolla funnel-shaped. Fruit orbicular, wings pale, 1.1 cm across.

Using Information:
The plant is tonic, diuretic, emmenagogue and aphrodisiac; used in epistaxis; good for liver and stomach troubles and lumbago. It is regarded as a specific for rheumatic affections, in which it is administered both internally and externally. The leaves are tonic, styptic, vulnerary and astringent; used as a remedy in diarrhoea and dysentery. A popultice of the leaves is used in herpes and retention of urine and to relive distension due to flatulence. Decoction of leaves is diurectic; dissolve vesical calculi. The leaves are cooked and taken as a remedy for indigestion and loose motion. Juice of the root is useful in piles, inflammation of the spleen and pain in the chest and liver (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Ethanolic extract of the whole plant possesses wide range of good antibacterial and mild antifungal properties (Anwar et al., 2007 & Begum et al., 2007). Plant extract showed anti-inflammatory activity stronger than that of acetylsalicyclic acid and weaker than that of hydrocortisone (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Alcoholic extract of the plant showed anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity on rats and mice (Ahmed et al., 2003).


Chemical Constituents:
Leaves are rich in carotene and vitamin C; and also contain high amount of protein consisting of arginine, histidine, lysine, tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, cystine, methionine and valine. Aerial parts also contain a crystalline keto alcohol paederolone, a keto compound, paederone, β- and δ-sitosterols and two volatile alkaloids, paederine and paederenine. Leaves contain a volatile oil of an offensive odour due to the presence of methyl mercaptan (Ghani, 2003). Hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, methyl mercaptan, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ursolic acid and iridoid glycosides - paederoside, paederosidic acid, scandoside, asperuloside and deacetylasperuloside have also been isolated from leaves and stems (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).

In most of the district on fences and bushes.

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Retutn from PAEDERIA FOETIDA to Medicinal Plants: Part P