OXALIS CORNICULATA L.

Family: Oxalidaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Amrul, Amboli, Chukatripati.

Tribal Name: Mring blu, Pa Su (Marma); Amilani (Chakma); Sap Ann Khur (Bawm).

English Name: Wood-sorrel, Indian Sorrel.

Description of the Plant:
A small creeping herb; stems rooting. Leaves palmately 3-foliolate, with very long, slender petiols; leaflets 1.2-2.5 cm long, obcordate cuneate. Flowers axillary, subumbellate on solitary long peduncles; petals 6-9 mm long, yellow, oblong, rounded, emerginate. Capsules 2 cm long, linear-oblong, 5-angled. All parts of the plant sour.

Using Information:
The plant is cooling, antiseptic, astringent, appetiser and antiscorbutic; useful in fevers and biliousness; juice of the plant cures scurvy, piles, anaemia and tympanites; also relieves the intoxication produced by Datura. Expressed juice made into a sherbet is prescribed in dysentery, prolapse of the rectum and also allays thirst. The fresh leaves made into a curry are said to improves appetite and digestion of dyspeptic patients. They have also been used for removing corns, warts and other excrescences on the skin. Decoction of the leaves is prescribed in fevers and dysentery. An infusion of the leaves is used externally to remove opacities of the cornea. The plant is used by the Marma and Chakma for dysentery in Chittagong Hill Tracts (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Alcoholic extract of leaves showed complete inhibition of growth of Staphylococcus typhi, S. aureus, S. albus and S. citrus at 6.5 mg/ml (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Chemical Constituents:
The plant has an acrid taste because of the presence of acid potassium oxalate. It contains appreciable quantities of ascorbic, dehydro-ascorbic, glyoxalic and phosphoric acids and is rich in calcium. It also contains tartaric, citric and malic acids and a crystalline principle. A crystalline principle, which produces fatal hypoglycemic convulsions in rabbit, has been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).


OXALIS CORNICULATA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.


Distribution:
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.


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