Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Opuntia dillenii (Ker.- Gawl.) Haw.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Phanimansa, Naghana.
English Name: Prickly Pear, Slipper Thorn.
Description of the Plant:
A spiny shrub with flattened, articulated, fleshy stems, up to 1.5 m high. Leaves 3.8 mm long, conical from a broad base. Joints 30-40 cm long, broadly obovate, not very thick, dull bluish-green. Aereoles large, bearing 4-6 prickles, the largest very stout, subulate, sharp, 2.5-3.8 cm long. Flowers 7.5 cm across, yellow tinged with orange. Berry pyriform, truncate, depressed at the apex.
The plant is digestive, carminative, diuretic and purgative; good for bronchitis of children, leucoderma, enlarged spleen, urinary burning, vesicular calculi and ophthalmia. Pounded plants are rubbed on scalp to clear dandruff. Leaves are used as a poultice to allay inflammation and heat; heated and applied to boils to hasten suppuration. Fruits are recommended as an expectorant and remedy for whooping cough, ashma and gonorrhoea (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Stems contain malate of manganese, a fatty acid, citric acid, wax, resin and sugar. Fruits contain carbohydrates (mucilage, sugars), albuminoids, fat, vitamin C and other fruit acids. Ripe fruits contain a red pigment, betanin. Flowers contain flavonoids, glycosides of iso-rhamnetin, quercetin, iso-quercitrin and narcissin. The plant also contains β-sitosterol, opuntiol and opuntiol acetate. A polysaccharide containing galactose and arabinose in 3:1 molar ratio has been isolated from pods (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).