Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ram Tulsi, Ban Tulsi.
Tribal Name: Midaphul (Chakma); Sang Haphoi (Marma), Midar Roshi Gaith (Tanchangya).
English Name: Shrubby Basil.
Description of the Plant:
An aromatic shrub, 1.2-1.8 m high. Leaves 6.3-12.5 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, coarsely crenate-serrate, base cuneate. Flowers in whorls, on simple or branched racemes; corolla 4 mm long, pale greenish-yellow. Nutlets 1.5 mm diam., subglobose, rugose, brown.
The plant is stimulant, styptic, demulcent, diuretic, carminative, anti-emetic and digestive; generally combined with expectorants used in cough mixtures. Aromatic bath prepared from the plant is recommened in the treatment of rheumatism and paralysis. Leaf juice and seeds are useful in gonorrhoea, headache, neuralgia, scanty urination, fever and influenza. Decoction of the leaves is useful in seminal weakness, aphthae of childrens, gonorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. In Chittagong Hill Tracts leaf juice is prescribed in jaundice by the Chakmas (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Essential oil of the leaves and inflorescences possess strong antifungal and antibacterial properties (Begum et al., 1993).
Leaves and other aerial parts yield essential oil, which contains thymol, eugenol, methyleugenol and methyl chavicol (Chopra et al., 1992). The oil also contains many other monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons which include limonene, β-ocimene, β-caryophyllene, β-selinine, β-bisaboline, γ-eudesmol, γ-cadinene, T-cadinol, β-eudesmol, thymol, ocimene, cadinane, periyllyl alcohol, myrcene, citral, geraniol and citronellol are also present in the oil (Ghani, 2003). Ocimol and gratissimin have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar.