OCIMUM BASILICUM L.

Family: Lamiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Babui Tulshi.

English Name: Sweet Basil, Common Basil.

Description of the Plant:
An erect aromatic herb up to 0.9 m high. Leaves 2.5-5 cm long, ovate, acute, entire or more or less toothed or lobed. Flowers in whorls, densely racemose; the terminal raceme usually much longer than the lateral ones; corolla 8-13 mm long, white, pink or purplish. Nutlets about 2 mm long, ellipsoid, black.

Using Information:
The plant is carminative, alexipharmac, stomachic, diuretic, stimulant, antipyretic, diaphoretic, expectorant and pectoral; used in gonorrhoea, chronic dysentery, ringworm, scorpion-sting, cough, nasal myosis, sclerosis of liver and spleen. Decoction of the plant is parasiticidal and antiseptic, produces local anaesthesia. Infusion of the plant is given for cephalalgia and gouty joints and used as a gargle for foul breath. Leaf juice is narcotic, allays irritation in the throat. Seeds are demulcent, stimulant, diuretic and diaphoretic; given internally in cases of habitual constipation, piles, dysentery, and diarrhoea; used in poultices for sores and sinuses. Seeds are commercially available in the market by the name “Tokma”. Plants hung up in the room to repell mosquitoes (Yusuf et al. 2009). Aqueous extracts of the leaves and inflorescence possesses antifungal and antibacterial properties (Singha et al., 1993).

Chemical Constituents:
Aerial parts yield about 1% essential oil containing linalool, borneol, eugenol, thymol, methylcinnamate, methyl chavicol (major constituent), ocimene, borneol, sambulene and safrole. It also contains terpinene and small amounts of cineole, sesquiterpenes, δ-terpene, free monoterpenoid, phenyl proponoid components and their glycosides. New sesquiterpene hydrocarbon-1-epibicyclosesqui-phellandren also has been isolated from oil (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).


OCIMUM BASILICUM
OCIMUM BASILICUM L.


Distribution:
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar.


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Retutn from OCIMUM BASILICUM to Medicinal Plants: Part O