Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: N. cristatum (Roxb.) Kuntze., Limnanthemum cristatum Griseb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chandmala, Chandmona, Panchulli.
Description of the Plant:
An aquatic herb with floating leaves and long stem bearing tuft of roots at the nodes. Leaves 5-10 cm broad, orbicular, deeply cordate, purplish with green veins. Flowers densely fascicled at the nodes, corolla white, yellow towards the base within, 2 cm across when expanded, lobes 5-6, entire with a longitudinal fold down the middle. Capsule small, subglobose.
The plant is commonly used as a substitute for chiretta in the treatment of fever and jaundice. Stalks and leaves are pounded with oil and applied to ulcers and insect bites; decoction is used as a wash for parasitic skin affection. Seeds are considered anthelmintic (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain proteins and eleven amino acids including six essential amino acids (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout the country in lakes, ponds and ditches.