Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: N. pubescens Willd., N. rubra Roxb. N. lotus Hook.f. & Thom.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Sapla, Sada Sapla, Shaluk.
English Name: Water Lily.
Description of the Plant:
A large aquatic herb; leaves 15- 30 cm broad, sagittate to cordate, sharply sinuate-toothed, floating, petiode very long. Flowers 5-15 cm across; petals linear or ovate-oblong, white, rose or red. Fruit a globose berry with persistent stamens.
Powdered rhizomes are demulcent and diuretic; used in piles, dysentery and dyspepsia. Flowers are astringent, cardiotonic and refrigerant; alleviative of cough, bile, vomiting, giddiness, worms and burning of the skin. Filaments are astringent and cooling; useful in burning of the body, bleeding piles and menorrhagia. Seeds are used as a cooling medicine in cutaneous diseases (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Roots and rhizomes contain protein, tannic and gallic acids, starch, gum, resin, glucosides and the alkaloids, nupharine and nymphaeine. Leaves contain a flavone glucoside, myricitrin, tannic acid, phytosterin, steroids and flavonoids. Flowers contain a cardiac glycoside, nymphalin having digitalis-like action. Flowers and rhizome also yield two alkaloids, both showing sedative action in small doses (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout Bangladesh in lakes, ponds and ditches.