NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS L.

Family: Oleaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Shefali, Sheuli.

Tribal Name: Shinguri phul (Chakma).

English Name: Night Jasmine, Coral Jasmine.

Description of the Plant:
A small deciduous tree; branchlets rough, pubescent, 4-angular. Leaves opposite, 7-12 cm long, ovate shortly acuminate, distantly toothed or entire, scabrid. Flowers 1-1.5 cm across, fragrant, petals white, tube and throat orange, 3-7 together on quadrangular peduncles. Capsule 2 cm long and as broad, obcordate or nearly orbicular, compressed, 2-celled.

Using Information:
Leaves are antibilious, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic and expectorant; used in bilious fever and rheumatism. Juice is a safe purgative for infants; given to children for the expulsion of round and thread-worms; with honey the juice is given in chronic fever. Decoction of the leaves is given for sciatica. Bark of the plant is expectorant; cures bronchitis. A decoction of bark, leaves, roots and flowers is given in excessive diuresis and in enlarged spleen. The flowers are stomachic, carminative and astringent to the bowels and tonic to the hairs; lessen inflammation. The seeds are useful in piles and skin diseases. Powdered seeds are used as an application for scurfy affections of the scalp. The Chakma take stem extract against dysentery (Yusuf et al. 2009).

During toxicological study of the leaf extract on laboratory animals, it was found that it significantly increased the weight of the heart and the kidney, and decreased the weight of the liver of male rats, but increased the weight of the liver of the female rats. It also increased ovarian weight. It slightly increased the total sum of the weight of all male sex organs. It caused a gross histological change of the kidneys, the liver, thymus, lymph nodes and lachrymal gland. It also caused some slight morphological abnormalities of the lungs (Rahman et al., 2000).


NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS
NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS L.


Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain an alkaloid principle, nyctanthine, resins, peppermint-like oil, arboriside D and other iridoid glycosides, which are mainly loganin derivatives. Leaves also contain mannitol, β-amyrin, β-sitosterol, hentriacontane and benzoic acid besides glycoside, free glucose and fructose. Seeds contain the iridoid glucosides arbor-tristoside A and C (Ghani, 2003). Flowers contain a new iridoid-nyctanthoside, D-manitol, crocin-1 (β-digentiobioside ester of α-crocetin) and crocin-3 (β-monogentiobioside ester of α-crocetin). A new glycoside naringenin-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-α-xylopyranoside has been isolated from stem along with β-sitosterol. Two flavonol glycosides-astragalin and nicotiflorinhave been also detected from the leaves (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Planted throughout Bangladesh as an ornamental plant.


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Retutn from NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS to Medicinal Plants: Part N