Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Sadapata.
English Name: Tobacco.
Description of the Plant:
A coarse, annual herb. Leaves petioled, broadly ovate, obtuse, entire, glandular. Flowers greenish yellow, 1.8-2 cm long, in terminal subpaniculate racemes. Capsule 1.3 cm long, subglobose, obtuse, slightly exserted from the calyx.
Leaves are sedative, narcotic, emetic, antispasmodic and fish poison; used for the treatment of rheumatic swellings, skin diseases and scorpion-sting. A decoction of the leaf is used as a fomentation to the spine in tetanus; induce muscular relaxation, reduce strangulated hernia and dislocations. An oinment made by simmering the leaves in lard is used in curing old ulcers and painful tumours. The dried leaf is used as a styptic. Nicotine has been recommened in tetanus and as an antidote to strychnine. Since harmful effects of tobacco outweigh its therapeutic actions, its use as a drug is now discouraged (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain alkaloid- nicotine, choline, anabasine and nor-nicotine. Leaves produce 6.6-8.8% nicotine when grown in greenhouse; while leaves of the same variety grown in the field yield 1.54-2.64%. Stem and root contains nicotine and anabasine (Chopra et. al., 1992). The plant also contains α 2-levantanolide (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Cultivated in different distrits of Bangladesh.