Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kamila, Tung, Kamalaguli, Sindur; Raini (Dhaka-Mymensingh); Rohini, Punag (Chittagong); Rora (Dinajpur).

Tribal Name: Rora (Santal); Bol-thuthu (Garo); Salakjara, Kuruar gach (Chakma).

English Name: Monkey Face Tree, Kamela.

Description of the Plant:
A small to medium-sized evergreen to semi-deciduous tree; branchlets, young leaves and inflorescence rusty tomentose. Leaves variable, 7.5-15 cm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, entire or slightly toothed. Flowers dioecious, small; the males clustered in erect, long, terminal spikes; the females in short spikes. Capsules 8-13 mm diam., 3-lobed, brick-red.

Using Information:
The glands and hairs on the fruit are purgative, anthelmintic and styptic; useful in ringworms, bronchitis, stone in the bladder, scabies and other skin diseases; heal ulcers and wounds. It is also used as an oral contraceptive. The seeds are ground to a paste and applied to wounds and cuts. The well ground root is rubbed on the painful parts in articular rheumatism (Yusuf et al. 2009). Rottlerin and acetylrottlerin isolated from fruits showed antifertility effect (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Chemical Constituents:
Fruits contain a brick-red powder, called kamala, the chief constituent of which is a resin composed of rottlerin and isorottlerin. Rottlerin yields methyl-phloroglucin on treatment with hot caustic alkali. Kamala also contains a yellow crystalline substance, a yellow resin, a red resin, wax and traces of a volatile oil, sugar, tannin, oxalic and citric acids. Seed kernel yields a drying oil (Ghani, 2003). Heartwood contains betulin-3-acetate, lupeol, lupeol acetate, sitosterol and bergenin. Acetylaleuritolic acid, α-amyrin, sitosterol and bergenin have been isolated from bark (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Corotoxigenin and its rhamnoside, coroglaucigenin and its rhamnoside have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Mallotus Philippensis

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar Sylhet, Dinajpur. Also occur in village groves of Rajshahi, Dhaka and Mymensingh,.

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Retutn from MALLOTUS PHILIPPINENSIS to Medicinal Plants: Part M