Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: M. latifolia (Roxb). Macb., Bassia latifolia (Roxb.) Cor.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Mahua, Maul, Moa.
Tribal Name: Matkom (Santal).
English Name: Butter Tree, Mahua Tree.
Description of the Plant:
A medium-sized to large, handsome, deciduous tree, young parts yellow tomentose. Leaves clustered at the end of branches, elliptic-oblong, 12-20 cm long, shortly acuminate. Flowers cream-coloured, fleshy, sweet, in dense clusters near the end of branches, drooping. Fruit a berry, ovate, acute, fleshy, 2.5 cm long.
Flowers are cooling, tonic, demulcent and carminative; used in coughs, colds and bronchitis. Dried flowers are used as a fomentation, in cases of orchitis for their sedative effect. The flowers fried in ghee are given to persons suffering from piles. Seeds are galactagogue. Seed oil is emollient, emetic and laxative; useful in skin diseases, rheumatism, headache, habitual constipation and piles. Decoction of bark is astringent and tonic; heals wounds and ulcers (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain β-sitosterol-β-D-glucoside, stigmasterol, n-hexacosanol and 3β-caproxyolean-12-en-28-ol, β-carotene, n-octacosanol, sitosterol, its β-D-glucoside, stigmasterol, 3β-palmitoxyolean-12-en-28-ol, oleanolic acid, quercetin, erythrodiol, palmitic acid, myricetin and its 3-O-L-rhamnoside (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Leaves also contain a glycosidic saponin, protobassic acid and traces of an alkaloid. Flowers are a good source of sugars, calcium phophorus and protein. They contain a good quantity of sugar, enzymes, yeast and albuminoids. Seeds contain 43.3% fat, 16.9% protein, 51.5% oil and a saponin, a sapogenin and bassic acid. Bark contains tannins and saponins and sterols. β-amyrin, β-amyrin acetate, β-amyrin cinnamate, β-amyrin decanoate, β-amyrinone, betulinic acid, friedelin, hederagenin, isoarborinol, ursolic acid, α-spinasterol and α-spinasterol-β-D-glucoside have been isolated from the bark and timber (Ghani, 2003).
Dinajpur, usually planted by Santals and Barmans. Also planted elsewhere in the country.