Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Dolichos biflorus L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kurti Kalai.
Tribal Name: Dail sumi (Tanchangya).
English Name: Horse-gram.
Description of the Plant:
A twining annual. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2.5-5 cm broadly lanceolate or oblong. Flowers 1-3 in the axils of the leaves; corolla yellow, 1.3-2 cm long. Pods about 5 cm long, scimitar-shaped, compressed, recurved.
Plant is used in tumours, skin eruptions, anal fissures, dysuria, sores and burns. Seeds are astringent to the bowels, antipyretic, anthelmintic, diuretic and tonic; cures asthma, bronchitis, hiccup, ozoena, strangury, piles and leucoderma. Decoction of the plant is used in leucorrhoea and menstrual derangements, it also removes stone from the kidney and gall bladde (Yusuf et l. 2009)..
Leaves and stems contain a lectin-like glycoprotein and a large number of amino acids. They also contain coumesterol and psoralidin. Seeds contain lectins, glycoprotein, agglutinin, an anti-A phytoagglutinin, four glycosidase enzymes, an unusual allantoinase and a strong diuretic dipeptide, pyroglutamylglutamine. Seeds are rich source of the enzyme urease and also contain β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Chittagong Hill Tracts.