Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Description of the Plant:
A graceful, climbing fern. Fully developed barren frond bipartite into 2 palmate lobes or simply palmate, primary petiole much reduced, secondary petiole 2.5-5 cm long, firm, naked, pinnules digitate, with 5-6 long lanceolate lobes, reaching nearly down to the base, or once or even twice-forked, ultimate barren divisions 10-30 cm long, the fertile ones contracted sometimes so much, that the lamina is nearly lost, the spikes 2.5-5 cm long, in close marginal rows.
Roots and leaves are applied to wounds in Indonesia (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain glycol-alkaloides, tomatine and tomatidine and traces of solanine, amino acids and amides. Seeds contain neotigogenin, quercetin, kaempferol, lupeol, lanost-8-en-3β-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylenelanost-8-en-3β-ol, cycloartanol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, β-amyrin, α- & β-globulins and daturadiol. Ripe and unripe fruits contain all the essential amino acids except tryptophan and organic acids, principally citric, oxalic and malic acids, and clouring matters, chiefly carotenoids, β- carotene and lycopene. Fruits are rich in vitamins A and C. Unripe fruits have been reported to contain narcotine. Ripe fruits contain glucose, and fructose. Stem contains leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, tyrosine, valine and γ-aminobutyric acid. Rutin has also been isolated from stems. Roots contain tomatidine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forest of Chittagong.