LYGODIUM CIRCINATUM (Burm.) Sw.

Family: Lygodiaceae

Description of the Plant:
A graceful, climbing fern. Fully developed barren frond bipartite into 2 palmate lobes or simply palmate, primary petiole much reduced, secondary petiole 2.5-5 cm long, firm, naked, pinnules digitate, with 5-6 long lanceolate lobes, reaching nearly down to the base, or once or even twice-forked, ultimate barren divisions 10-30 cm long, the fertile ones contracted sometimes so much, that the lamina is nearly lost, the spikes 2.5-5 cm long, in close marginal rows.

Using Information:
Roots and leaves are applied to wounds in Indonesia (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain glycol-alkaloides, tomatine and tomatidine and traces of solanine, amino acids and amides. Seeds contain neotigogenin, quercetin, kaempferol, lupeol, lanost-8-en-3β-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylenelanost-8-en-3β-ol, cycloartanol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, β-amyrin, α- & β-globulins and daturadiol. Ripe and unripe fruits contain all the essential amino acids except tryptophan and organic acids, principally citric, oxalic and malic acids, and clouring matters, chiefly carotenoids, β- carotene and lycopene. Fruits are rich in vitamins A and C. Unripe fruits have been reported to contain narcotine. Ripe fruits contain glucose, and fructose. Stem contains leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, tyrosine, valine and γ-aminobutyric acid. Rutin has also been isolated from stems. Roots contain tomatidine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forest of Chittagong.


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Retutn from LYGODIUM CIRCINATUM to Medicinal Plants: Part L