Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Belati Begun, Tok Begun, Tometo; Khatta baioon (Chittagong).English Name Tomato.
Description of the Plant:
An odorous viscidly pubescent annual herb, up to 1 m tall. Stems weak and trailing. Leaves up to 30 cm long; imparipinnate, lyrate or sometimes slightly lobed. Flowers small, 1.5-1.7 cm across, yellow, on lax, few-flowered, peduncled cymes. Fruits juicy, variable in size (2-10 cm across), shape (round, oblong or lobed) and colour (deep red, brick red or yellowish).
Pulp and juice of the fruit is digestive, mild aperient, promoter of gastric secretion, blood purifier and intestinal antiseptic; useful in canker of the mouth. Tomato is good in atonic dyspepsia, promotes flow of bile, corrective for kidneys, a gentle natural stimulant. It is a rich source of vitamins A and C and natural health acids (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain glycol-alkaloides, tomatine and tomatidine and traces of solanine, amino acids and amides. Seeds contain neotigogenin, quercetin, kaempferol, lupeol, lanost-8-en-3β-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylenelanost-8-en-3β-ol, cycloartanol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, β-amyrin, α- & β-globulins and daturadiol. Ripe and unripe fruits contain all the essential amino acids except tryptophan and organic acids, principally citric, oxalic and malic acids, and clouring matters, chiefly carotenoids, β- carotene and lycopene. Fruits are rich in vitamins A and C. Unripe fruits have been reported to contain narcotine. Ripe fruits contain glucose, and fructose. Stem contains leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, tyrosine, valine and γ-aminobutyric acid. Rutin has also been isolated from stems. Roots contain tomatidine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated throughout the country.