Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhinga, Jinga, Sataputi.
Tribal Name: Jhiya (Tanchangya).
English Name: Ribbed Gourd.
Description of the Plant:
A large climber, with usually 3-fid tendrills. Leaves orbicular in outline, 15-20 cm long, palmately 5-7 angled or sublobate, scabrid. Flowers yellow, large; male flowers in axillary 12-20 flowered racemes; female flowers solitary. Fruit 15-30 cm long, clavate-oblong, tapering towards the base, longitudinally ribbed.
The pounded leaves are applied locally to splenitis, haemorrhoides, ringworms and leprosy. Juice of the fresh leaves is given to children in granular conjunctivitis as a drop, to prevent adhereing of lids at night from excessive meibomian secretion. Fruit is demulcent, diuretic and nutritive. The seeds possess purgative, emetic and anthelmintic properties (Yusuf et al. 2009).
The plant contains a bitter substance luffin. Seeds contain 20% of a saponin glycoside, enzyme and a fixed oil (Chopra et al., 1992). Flowers and fruits contain free amino acids, arginine, glycine, threonine, lysine, alanine, asparagines, aspartic and glutamic acids and leucines. Ripe seeds contain bitter glycosidic principles, cucurbitacins B, D, G and H (luffins) and oleanolic acid; roots contain cucurbitacin B and traces of C (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated all over the country.