Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Jussiaea adscendens L. Jussiaea repens L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kesardam, Mulcha, Mulsi; Molchi (Rema-Kalenga).
Description of the Plant:
A floating herb, rooting at the nodes, and cluster of conspicuous white, spindle-shaped, pneumatophores at the nodes. Leaves 1.25-7.6 cm long, obovate or oblanceolate, obtuse. Flowers white, slightly yellow at the base, axillary, solitary; petals about 1.25 cm long, obovate. Capsule linear-cylindric, 1.27-3.8 cm long.
Leaf extract is taken for curing dysentery. Whole plant is used as a poultice in ulcers and other skin diseases (Yusuf et al. 2009). Extracts of leaves and stem exert strong antimicrobial activity similar to that of standard antibiotics. Flower petals possess anti-inflammatory activity and causes dose-dependent inhibition of carageenin-induced rat paw oedema similar to that of hydrocortisone (Ghani, 2003).
Leaves, stems and flower petals contain the flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol-3-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-rhamnoglucoside (rutin), quercetin-3-galactoside, mericetin-3-rhamnoside and isosalipurposide. The plant also contains terpenes, triterpenoids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, phenols, tannins, alkaloids, ursolic acid, carbohydrates and proteins (Ghani, 2003).
All over the country, found floating in pounds and ditches.