Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Limnophila gratioloides R. Br.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Karpur, Ambuja.
Description of the Plant:
A small aromatic herb, 7.5-20 cm high, smelling strongly of turpentine; stems subquadrangular, rooting at the lower nodes. Leaves usually all whorled and pinnatifid, the upper sometimes entire and opposite, 6-20 cm long, linear-oblong, serrate-dentate. Flowers solitary, axillary or racemed; corolla pink, 8 mm long.
Plant is beleived to be antiseptic. A liniment made from the plant with coconut oil is used in elephantiasis. Juice of the plant rubbed over body in pestilent fevers and combined with ginger and cumin given internally in dysentery (Yusuf et al. 2009).
The plant contains an essential oil consisting of d-limonene and d-perillaldehyde. Both aerial and submerged leaves contain amino acids, which include alanine, serine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid and histidine. The aerial leaves also contain leucine, valine, tyrosine, tureonine, glycine, arginine and cystine (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout the country in low-lying, moist areas, swamps and rice-fields.