Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Leucas capitata Desf.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bara Halkusha, Dandakolos, Dhrupy.
Description of the Plant:
An annual pubescent herb, 0.6-0.9 cm high, stem and branches quadrangular. Leaves 3.8-7.5 cm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, hairy. Flowers sessile, in large, globose, dense, terminal whorls, 2.5-5 cm across; corolla 2 cm long, white.
The plant is stimulant and diaphoretic. The fresh juice is used as an external application in scabies and eczema. The flowers are stimulant, aperient, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, insecticide, expectorant and administered in the form of a syrup as a domestic remedy for cough and colds (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Flowers contain a small quantity of essential oil and an alkaloid. Alcoholic extract of the whole plant contained β-sitosterol, glycoside of β-sitosterol and traces of an alkaloid (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contain oil, rich in labellenic acid and its esters (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).
Dhaka, Chittagong and Jessore in fallow lands.