Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Donkolos, Shetadrone, Chhoto Halkusha. Dulfi.
Tribal Name: Pi Tung Chang, Pai Thung Sa (Marma).
Description of the Plant:
A diffusely branched, annual herb, 15-45 cm high; branches quadrangular, hispid. Leaves subsessile, 2.5-7.5 cm long, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse entire or crenate, hairy. Flowers white, sessile or subsessile in terminal and axillary whorls, up to 2.5 cm diam., corolla 1 cm long.
The plants are believed to be antidote for snake venom; used as an insecticide.The leaves are useful in chronic rheumatism. The juice of leaves is applied in psoriasis and other chronic skin eruption (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Ethanolic extract of the leaves and stems possess antibacterial properties (Singha et al., 1993). Chloroform and ether extract of the plant possesses antifungal activity (Ghani, 2003). Extract of the plant showed antibacterial activity against Micrococcus pyogenes and E. coli (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1999).
Leaves contain glucosides, tannins, saponins and sterols, α and β-sitosterol. Shoots contain aliphatic 28-hydroxy pentatriacon-7-one, 7-hydroxydotriacontan-2-one, 1-hydroxytetratriacontan-4-one, 32-methyl tetratriacontan-8-ol, 5-acetoxy-triacontane, dotriacontanol and β-sitosterol. Two sterols and galactose have been isolated from the plant. Plant also contains oleic, linoleic, palmitic, stearic, oleanolic and ursolic acids (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Dhaka, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts in fallow lands.