Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Raktodrone, Guma, Juma, Jajura.
English Name: Motherwort.
Description of the Plant:
An erect, annual herb, up to 1.5 m high; stems quadrangular. Leaves 3.8-10 cm long, palmatipartite with linear, incised segments. Flowers red, 1.5 cm long, in axillary whorls; upper floral leaves usually entire.
The dried plant is prescribed as a tonic, alterative, vulnerary and general remedy in puerperal and menstrual diseases; useful towards uterus contraction. The juice of the leaves is poured in to ear to relieve earache in Jointiapur of Sylhet. The root and leaves are used as a febrifuge. In Chinese medicine the seeds are considered to be constructive and aphrodisiac (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Methanolic extract of the plant inhibited precancerous mammary hyperplastic alveolar nodes in mice (Ghani, 2003).
Leaves, stems and flowers contain alkaloids, leonurine, stachydrine and sibirine and seeds contain leonurinine. They also contain diterpenes, flavonoids, caffeic acid, arginine and guanidine derivatives, glucoside, tannins, rectin and furmeric acid (Ghani, 2003). Water soluble fraction of the extracts contains leonuridin (Chopra et al., 1992).
All over the country in fallow lands and road side.