Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Lens esculenta Moen.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Musur, Musuri, Masur.
Tribal Name: Ma kalai (Murong).
English Name: Lentil.
Description of the Plant:
An annual herb, branching from the base. Leaves pinnate, leaflets 4-6 pairs, sessile, lanceolate, often mucronate. Flower pale purple, in 2-4 flowered racemes. Pod rhomboid oblong, about 1.3 cm long. Seeds usually 2, compressed, grey, with minute spots.
Seeds are diuretic, tonic, laxative and astringent to the bowels; useful in constipation and other intestinal affections. Paste of the seeds is a useful cleansing application in cases of foul and indolent ulcers. Seeds coat is styptic and astringent (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Seeds are rich in protein (22-60%) and are a good source of B-vitamins and minerals. They are also rich in starch and fatty oil. Raw pulse also contains uric acid and arsenic. Seeds also contain kaempferol glycoside and 3,4′ 7-trihydroxyflavone. Tricetin, luteolin, a diglycosyldelphinidin and two proanthocyanidins have been isolated from seed coat (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated throughout the country.