Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Lannea grandis (Dennst.) Eng.; Odina wodier Roxb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jiga, Jika, Jeol, Bhadi, Jeol Bhadi, Kamila, Kafila; Kachra Bhadi, Katrang Bhadi (Chittagong); Jiuli (Rajshahi); Kaimula, Kai engla (Sylhet); Kocha (Jessore).
Description of the Plant:
A medium-sized deciduous tree. Bark thick, ashy-grey. Leaves crowded at the end of branches, imparipinnate, 30-45 cm long; leaflets 7-11, oblong or elliptic, acuminate, 2.5-5 cm long. Flowers small, greenish yellow in compact fascicles of racemes, at the end of the leafless branches. Drupes, reniform, produced in clusters from the end of leafless branches.
The bark is considered astringent and stomachic; used as a lotion in impetigenous eruptions, leprous and obstinate ulcers; cures sprains, bruises, skin eruptions, heart diseases, dysentery and mouth sores. Decoction of the bark is used for toothache. Its bark along with the bark of Aegle mermelos, Artocarpus heterophyllus and Sygygium cumini is useful in impotency. Scrapped bark is chewed for 2-3 days to cure glossitis. Boiled leaves are applied as a fomentation for local swelling and pains (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Flowing gum of the plant is a neutral polysaccharide composed of D-galactose and L-arabinose. Bark contains phlobatannins, β-sitosterol, physcion, physcion anthranol B, dl-epicatechin and leucocyanidin. Heartwood is rich in leucocyanidin. Flowers contain quercetin-3-arabinoside, ellagic acid, quercetin, isoquercetin and marin. Leaves contain leucocyanidin, leucodelphinidin, flavonoids and polyphenols; quercetin and rutin (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Throughout Bangladesh, also cultivated as live fence and hedge.