Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chhotojarul, Purus, Farash.
English Name: Common Crape Myrtle.
Description of the Plant:
An ornamental shrub or small tree. Leaves obovate to obovate-oblong, almost sessile, chartaceous, 5-7.5 cm long. Flowers middle-sized, bright pink or white, petals wrinked, in terminal panicles.
Bark, leaves and flowers are considered hydragogue and drastic purgative. Bark is also considered stimulant and febrifuge. Roots are astringent and used as gargle. Seeds have narcotic properties (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Sitosterol and 3, 3′, 4-tri-O-methylellagic acid have been isolated from roots. Flowers contain delphinidin-3-arabinoside, petunidin-3-arabinoside malvidin-3-arabinoside gallic acid, methyl gallate and ellagic acid. Leaves contain pageracetal, amyl alcohol and ellagic acid. The plant also contains a new alkaloid, lagerine, decamine, decinine, decodine, dehydroverticillatine and lagerstroemine (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).
Planted as an ornamental plant.