KAEMPFERIA ROTUNDA L.

Family: Zingiberaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bhui Champa.

Tribal Name: Mrichenga, Bhujura phul, Raijong (Marma).

Description of the Plant:
A stemless, rhizomatous herb. Leaves erect, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, up to 30 cm long, usually variegated with darker and lighter green above along the midrib, and tinged purple beneath. Flowers large, light purple, appear before leaves, from radical spike.

Using Information:
The whole plant when reduced to powder and used in the form of an ointment to heal fresh wounds; when taken internally it removes coagulated blood or purulent matter from the body. Tubers are stomachic and aphrodisiac; given in gastric complaints; in the form of poultice it promotes suppuration. Powder of the tubers is used as a popular local application in mumps. Rhizomes are useful in reducing swellings. Marma of Chittagong Hill Tracts applies rhizome and tuber juice on cuts and wounds to heal. Rhizome juice is also given in gastric pain; with little salt given in flatulence. Paste of the tuber along with other plant is given in scabies (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Rhizome contains 0.2% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999). Tubers contain crotepoxide (Asolkar et al., 1992). Three new cyclohexane diepoxides together with crotepoxide and (-) zeylenol have been isolated from the rhizomes (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Forest of Sherpur, Tangail, Chittagong Hill Tracts, also cultivated.


KAEMPFERIA ROTUNDA
KAEMPFERIA ROTUNDA L.



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Retutn from KAEMPFERIA ROTUNDA to Medicinal Plants: Part K