Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chandumula, Humula.
Tribal Name: Ada kamala (Chakma); Miri Si Ga, Pa Sui (Marma).
Description of the Plant:
A stemless, small rhizomatous herb; rhizome tuberous, aromatic; root-fibres fleshy, cylindric. Leaves 2, spreading flat on the ground, 6.3-12.5 cm long, rotund-ovate, deltoid-acuminate. Flowers white, 6-12 from the centre of the plant between the leaves. Lip broad, deeply 2-lobed, with a lilac spot at the base.
The tubers are stimulant, expectorant, diuretic and carminative; reduced to powder and mixed with honey given in coughs and asthma. Boiled in oil the tubers are externally applied to stoppages of the nasal organs. Tubers are also used as a hair wash in dandruff. The leaves are used in lotions and as a poultice for sore eyes, sore throat, swellings, rheumatism and fevers. Rhizome juice is applied by the Chakma of Rangamati district for toothache. In paralysis rhizome paste is applied on legs and arms. Rhizome paste is also applied on forehead in headache (Yusuf et al. 2009). Essential oil of rhizome possesses antifungal properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves and flowers contain flavonoids having antiphlogistic, vitamin P activity etc. Root contains Et-p-MeO-trans-cinnamate as main compound (Asolkar el al., 1992). Rhizome is rich in protein, amino acids, minerals, sugars and lipids; also contains an essential oil, alkaloid, starch, gum and fatty matter (Ghani, 2003). P- methoxycinnamic acid and its methyl and ethyl esters have been isolated from essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forest floor of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sal forests of Dhaka and Sherpur.