Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Lal Bheranda, Laljeol, Erenda.
Tribal Name: Karachuni (Marma); Kander (Garo).
English Name: Bellyache-bush.
Description of the Plant:
A small deciduous shrub with sucullent stem, 1-1.5 m tall. Leaves palmately 3-5 lobed, purple; petiole clothed with numerous stipitate glands. Flowers small, red in terminal corymbose cymes. Fruit a capsule, about 1.3 cm across.
A decoction of the bark is used as an emmenagogue. The leaves are purgative; applied to boils, carbuncles, eczema and itches. Sap exudates taken from leaf petiole is mixed with molasses and given to cure dysentery. Seeds are drastic purgative and emetic, but they are said to cause insanity. Seed oil is used in skin diseases and as an external stimulant in rheumatism and paralytic affections. Regular brushing with the twigs keeps the teeth and gum disease free and cures tooth-ache (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Dried residue of MeOH extract of fruits is mollucidal. Seed extract is active against stored-grain pest (Asolkar, et al., 1992).
Leaves contain flavonoids, a saponin, a resin, tannin and triterpenes. They also contain flavonoids, vitexin, isovitexin and apigenin. Seeds contain fatty oil. Roots contain antileukemic and tumour-inhibitor macrocyclic diterpene, jatrophone and jatropholones A and B. Bark contains β-sitosterol. Roots, stems and seeds contain arylnaphthalene lignan and the lignan prasanthaline. Cyclogossine, a cyclic heptapeptide, had been isolated from the latex of the plant. Stem contains a novel lignan, jatrodien (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chittagong, Dhaka and other districts, by the road sides and fallow lands.