JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA L.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Lal Bheranda, Laljeol, Erenda.  

Tribal Name: Karachuni (Marma); Kander (Garo).

English Name: Bellyache-bush.

Description of the Plant:
A small deciduous shrub with sucullent stem, 1-1.5 m tall. Leaves palmately 3-5 lobed, purple; petiole clothed with numerous stipitate glands. Flowers small, red in terminal corymbose cymes. Fruit a capsule, about 1.3 cm across.

Using Information:
A decoction of the bark is used as an emmenagogue. The leaves are purgative; applied to boils, carbuncles, eczema and itches. Sap exudates taken from leaf petiole is mixed with molasses and given to cure dysentery. Seeds are drastic purgative and emetic, but they are said to cause insanity. Seed oil is used in skin diseases and as an external stimulant in rheumatism and paralytic affections. Regular brushing with the twigs keeps the teeth and gum disease free and cures tooth-ache (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Dried residue of MeOH extract of fruits is mollucidal. Seed extract is active against stored-grain pest (Asolkar, et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain flavonoids, a saponin, a resin, tannin and triterpenes. They also contain flavonoids, vitexin, isovitexin and apigenin. Seeds contain fatty oil. Roots contain antileukemic and tumour-inhibitor macrocyclic diterpene, jatrophone and jatropholones A and B. Bark contains β-sitosterol. Roots, stems and seeds contain arylnaphthalene lignan and the lignan prasanthaline. Cyclogossine, a cyclic heptapeptide, had been isolated from the latex of the plant. Stem contains a novel lignan, jatrodien (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).


JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA
JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA L.


Distribution:
Chittagong, Dhaka and other districts, by the road sides and fallow lands.


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Retutn from JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA to Medicinal Plants: Part J