Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bagh Verenda, Ban Verenda, Chanda, Jamalgota, Sadajeol, Baron; Arenda (Chittagong).
English Name: Barbados Nut, Physic Nut, Poison Nut.
Description of the Plant:
A large deciduous shrub with sucullent stem. Leaves 10-15 cm long, broadly ovate, cordate, acute, usually palmately 3- or 5-lobed. Flowers 7.5 mm across, yellowish-green, in loose, axillary, cymose panicles, 5-12.5 cm long. Fruit 2.5 cm long, ovoid.
Seeds are poisonous. Both roasted seed and seed oil is purgative, more drastic than those of Ricinus communis; applied topically in rheumatism, herpes and pruritus. The twigs are used for tooth brushing when the gums are swollen. The sap of the plant and leaves are styptic; applied to wounds and refractory ulcers; very effective in the treatment of scabies, eczema, ringworm and toothache. Hot infusion of the young leaves is drunk to cure fever. Decoction of leaves is antidiarrhoeal; used in stomachache and in cough. The roots are given as emetic and purgative. The stem is chewed as a remedy for toothache in Jointiapur of Sylhet (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH extract of defatted leaves and twigs is active in vivo and in vitro against p-388 lymphocytic leukemia. EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Seeds contain a poisonous fixed oil with a disagreeable taste, which is more purgative than castor oil. The oil contains oleic, linoleic (27.2%), myristic, palmitic, stearic, arachidic acids. Glucose, arabinose, xylose and rhamnose have also been detected in seeds. Ash of seeds contains Ca, Mg, Na, K, and traces of P. They also contain a blood poison toxalbumin, curcin, caseine, dulcitol, β-sitosterol and glucoside. Stem bark contain β-amyrin, taraxerol and β-sitosterol. Leaves contain apigenin, vetexin, isovitexin, flavonoid glycosides a dimmer of a diterpene alcohol, α-amyrin, stigmasterol and stigmastenes, β-sitosterol. β-Sitosterol-β-glucoside, 7-keto-β-sitosterol, stigmast-5-en-3β,7α-diol, stigmast-5-en-3β,7β-diol, campesterol and 1-triacontanol have also been isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Throughout the country, grown as a live fence in the villages.