Family: Rubiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Rangan, Ranjan.

Tribal Name: Kaya Machaoi (Marma).

English Name: Jungle-flame lxora, Flame of the Woods, Jungle Geranium.

Description of the Plant:
A much branched shrub, 0.6-0.9 cm high. Leaves coriaceous, up to 10 cm long, sessile or subsessile, oblong, obtuse. Flowers numerous, bright scarlet, in sessile, corymbiform, dense-flowered cymes. Fruit globose, fleshy, size of a pea.

Using Information:
Roots are sedative and stomachic; used in hiccup, fever, gonorrhoea, diarrhoea and dysentery. The flowers are used in the treatment of dysentery, leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis. The leaves are used in diarrhoea (Yusuf et al. 2009). EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spermicidal and CNS depressant (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves have been reported to contain phastoquinones A, B and C and tocopherylquinone. Roots contain acrid aromatic oil, azelic, oxalic and hepfoic acids, tannins and fatty acids. Root bark contains mannitol, 9, 11-octa-decadeinoic and myristic acids. The root oil has been reported to contain palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids. A yellow colouring matter related to quercetin, an astringent principle, a wax and a neutral crystalline substance have been isolated from the flowers (Ghani, 2003). A mixture of monoglycosides of cyanidin and delphinidin also have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Cultivated in gardens throughout Bangladesh.


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Retutn from IXORA COCCINEA to Medicinal Plants: Part I