Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Nil.

English Name: Common Indigo, Indigo, True Indigo.

Description of the Plant:
A twiggy shrub, 1.2-1.4 m high. Leaves pinnate, up to 5 cm long; leaflets 9-13, obovate-oblong, 1.2-2.5 cm long, rounded, apiculate. Flowers small, reddish-yellow in lax, axillary, spicate racemes, 5-10 cm long. Pods nearly straight up to 3.5 cm long, linear.

Using Information:
The plant cures chronic bronchitis and asthma, especially of children; good in lumbago, enlarged spleen, piles, leucoderma, epilepsy and nervous disorders. Leaf juice is given as a cure for hydrophobia. The root and stem are laxative, expectorant, alexipharmac and anthelmintic; used in heart diseases, insanity, fever, leucoderma, enlarged spleen, hepatitis and cephalalgia. Roots are macerated in water and drunk for difficult micturition (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Alcoholic extract of aerial parts is antihepatotoxic against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic injury in animals. It also possesses hypoglycaemic activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Plant contains a glucoside, indican, a fast occur blue dye. An antineoplastic compound, indirubin has been found in this plant (Ghani, 2003).


Chittagong and occationally cultivated.

Share Your Opinion

Retutn from INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA to Medicinal Plants: Part I