Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Nil.
English Name: Common Indigo, Indigo, True Indigo.
Description of the Plant:
A twiggy shrub, 1.2-1.4 m high. Leaves pinnate, up to 5 cm long; leaflets 9-13, obovate-oblong, 1.2-2.5 cm long, rounded, apiculate. Flowers small, reddish-yellow in lax, axillary, spicate racemes, 5-10 cm long. Pods nearly straight up to 3.5 cm long, linear.
The plant cures chronic bronchitis and asthma, especially of children; good in lumbago, enlarged spleen, piles, leucoderma, epilepsy and nervous disorders. Leaf juice is given as a cure for hydrophobia. The root and stem are laxative, expectorant, alexipharmac and anthelmintic; used in heart diseases, insanity, fever, leucoderma, enlarged spleen, hepatitis and cephalalgia. Roots are macerated in water and drunk for difficult micturition (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Alcoholic extract of aerial parts is antihepatotoxic against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic injury in animals. It also possesses hypoglycaemic activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Plant contains a glucoside, indican, a fast occur blue dye. An antineoplastic compound, indirubin has been found in this plant (Ghani, 2003).
Chittagong and occationally cultivated.