Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea Cyrill.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ulu.
Description of the Plant:
Rootstock creeping. Stem 30-90 cm, solid, nodes glabrous or bearded. Leaves erect, often exceeding the stem. Panicle 7-20 cm, silvery with dark anthers. Spikelets 3-4 mm.
In China, roots and inflorescence are used as diuretic, tonic, astringent and as antivirus. Roots are also used in fever (Yusuf et al. 2009). EtOH(50%) extract of aerial part possesses antivirus activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Five triterpenoids – arundoin, cylindrin, fernecol, isoarborinol and simiarenol have been isolated from rhizome. Culms and blades contain 7 triterpenoids, Me-esters and serotonin (Asolkat et al., 1992).
Throughout the country in fallow lands and barend hills.