IMPATIENS BALSAMINA L.

Family: Balsaminaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dupati, Dopatta.

English Name: Garden Balsam.

Description of the Plant:
An ornamental annual herb, 30-90 cm high. Leaves up to 15 cm long, lanceolate, acuminate, deeply serrate. Flowers large, axillary, showy, of various colours. Capsules spindle-shaped, tomentose.

Using Information:
Plant is emetic, cathartic and diuretic; used for pains in the joints. Flowers are cooling and tonic; used for lumbago, inter-costal neuralgia, burns and scalds. Powdered seeds are useful for difficult labour (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of plant possesses anticancer properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Flowers contain flavonoid pigments anthocyanins and 2-hydroxy-1,4-napththoquinone. Seeds contain a viscous oil α-amyrin, α-spinasterol, balsaminasterol and an anthraquinone glycoside. Stems and roots contain cyanidin monoglycoside. An apigenin derivative has also been isolated from this plant. The antibiotic principle present in the flowers has been identified as 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (Ghani, 2003). Seeds also contain β-sitosterol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the country.


IMPATIENS BALSAMINA
IMPATIENS BALSAMINA L.



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Retutn from IMPATIENS BALSAMINA to Medicinal Plants: Part I