ICHNOCARPUS FRUTESCENS (L.) R. Br.

Family: Apocynaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dudhi, Syamalota.

Tribal Name: Tabu chi (Marma); Dudhnoi (Chakma); Bhutta ludi (Tanchangya).

English Name: Black Creeper.

Description of the Plant:
A large, much-branched twining shrub, containing white latex in its all parts. Leaves 4.5-7.5 cm long, elliptic-oblong, acute or acuminate. Flowers small, greenish white, numerous, in axillary and terminal rusty-pubescent trichotomous pedunculate cymes. Fruit a follicle, 10-15 cm long, slender, cylindric.

Using Information:
The roots are employed as a substitute for Sarsaparilla; it is cooling, demulcent, alterative, tonic, diaphoretic and diuretic; used in fever, dyspepsia, skin troubles, diabetes and stone in the bladder. A decoction of the stems and leaves is used in fevers. Leaves are applied to headaches, wounds and sore between fingers. Marma use root in dental caries and stems and leaves for scabies (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of plant possesses antiviral properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain flavonoids and phenolic acids and stems contain a new triterpene glycosides (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Throughout the country in scrubs.


ICHNOCARPUS FRUTESCENS
ICHNOCARPUS FRUTESCENS (L.) R. Br.


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Retutn from ICHNOCARPUS FRUTESCENS to Medicinal Plants: Part I