Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Hygrophila spinosa T. And., Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kulekhara, Talmakhna.
English Name: Starthorn.
Description of the Plant:
A stout herb with numerous fasciculate usually unbranched, subquadrangular, erect, stems, 0.6-1.5 m high, thickened at the nodes. Leaves oblong-lanceolate or oblanceolate, sparsely hispid on both sides, six at a node, the outer 2 large, reaching 15 cm long, each leaf bear straight, sharp, yellow, spines in its axil. Flowers purple-blue, 3.5 cm long, in a whorl of 8 at each node. Capsuls 8 mm long, linear-oblong, pointed.
Leaves are tonic, aphrodisiac and hypnotic; useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, thirst, urinary calculi, urinary discharges, inflammations, biliousness, anaemia, constipation, anuria and cough; also applied for gleet, lumbago and pains in the joints. Seeds are cooling, tonic, aphrodisiac, sedative to gravid uterus and constipating; given for gonorrhoea and spermatorrhoea. Decoction of the root is used as a diuretic in dropsy. The plant is used in cancer and tubercular fistula (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of plant is spasmolytic and hypotensive (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Aerial parts contain alkaloids, phytosterol, essential oil, mucilage, triterpene alcohol, lupeol, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons. Seeds contain fixed oil, enzymes and sterol. Asterol I, II, III and IV and asteracanthine & asteracanthicine have also been isolated form the seeds. Flowers contain apigenin glucuronide. Roots contain an essential oil (Ghani, 2003). Palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic 80.1%) acids have been detected in seed oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Wet-lands in different parts of the country.