Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Hiptage madaablata Gertn.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Madhabilata, Madubhlata, Bashanti.
Description of the Plant:
A large woody, much-branched, evergreen, climbing shrub. Leaves coriaceous, 10-18 cm long, elliptic-oblong, acuminate or acute, entire. Flowers 1.2-2 cm across, fragrant, white, in erect, finely tomentose racemes about as long as the leaves. Carpels with a central wing between the two lateral, the inner wing 2.5-3.8 cm long, the 2 laterals, 2 cm long.
Leaves are useful in chronic rheumatism, skin diseases and asthma. Leaf juice possesses insecticidal properties and is used as an application for scabies (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is CNS depressant and hypotensive (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain tannins and saponins. Stem and stem bark contains friedelin, epifriedelinol, octacosanol, α-amyrin, β-sitosterol and its glucoside and traces of alkaloids. Root bark contains mangiferin (Ghani, 2003).
In evergreen forests of Chittagong, Sylhet and often planted.