HIBISCUS TILIACEUS L.

Family: Malvaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bala, Chelwa; Bola, Bhola (Sundarbans).

Description of the Plant:
A small evergreen tree with much spreading branches.  Leaves 10-12.5 cm long, cordate, roundish-ovate, abruptly acuminate. Flowers large, in terminal racemes; corolla 5-7.5 cm across, pubescent outside, yellow in the morning, turning red in the afternoon, centre dark crimson. Capsule 12 mm across, globose, with short beak.

Using Information:
In Indo-China the leaves are considered laxative and resolvent. An infusion of the leaves is used to wash ulcers and wounds in Philippines. Young leaves and barks are used in treating skin disorders. Buds are used as a laxative in congestive chest, childbirth and dry throat in Hawaii. The flowers are used as an antifertility agent; boiled in milk they are used for the treatment of earache. In the Philippines the powdered bark is considered emetic (Yusuf et al. 2009).

The roots are febrifuge; employed in the preparation of embrocations. Extracts of aerial parts is hypoglycaemic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Heartwood contains sesquiterpene, quinines, hibiscones A-D and hibiscoquinones. Root contains gossypol and mansonones (Asolkar et al., 1992). Gossypetin-3-glucoside (gossytrin) and 7-glucoside have been isolated from flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


HIBISCUS TILIACEUS
HIBISCUS TILIACEUS L.


Distribution:
Occur in the tidal forests of coastal districts.


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Retutn from HIBISCUS TILIACEUS to Medicinal Plants: Part H