HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS L.

Family: Malvaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jaba.

Tribal Name: Hindu Ma-pangi (Marma), Raktajaba (Chakma).

English Name: Shoe flower, China rose.

Description of the Plant:
An ornamental shrub or small tree. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, more or less acuminate, irregularly and coarsely serrate towards the top. Flowers large, axillary solitary; corolla 7.5 cm diam., tubular below, red.

Using Information:
The flower buds are cooling and astringent; remove burning of the body, urinary discharges, seminal weakness and piles. Flowers are refrigerant, emollient, demulcent, aphrodisiac and emmenagogue. Juice of the flower with juice of banana inflorescence cures acute dysentery. Flower with leaves of Adhatoda zeylanica is very much beneficial in bleeding piles. Flowers fried in ghee is given in menorrhagia; also used in diseases of the genito-urinary tract. Marma tribe in Chittagong Hill Tracts use to administer decoction of the flower with green betel nut to regulate menstrual cycle. Fresh flowers are mecerated and mixed with water is taken to cure scanty menstruation. Flowers are used in Khagrachari for blood dysentery. Staminal column is diuretic and is used in the treatment of kidney trouble. Leaves are emollient, anodyne and aperient. Roots are valuable in cough (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Oral administration of the flower extract showed postcoital antifertility activity in female rats and affected spermatogenesis and endocrine function of testis in rats.  EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic, CNS depressant and hypotensive. Alcoholic extract of leaf is antipyretic, analgesic and antiinflammatory (Asolkar et al., 1992).


HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS
HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS L.


Chemical Constituents:
Leaves and stems contain β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, taraxeryl acetate and three cyclopropane compounds and their derivatives. Flowers contain cyanidin diglucoside, flavonoids and vitamins, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid (Ghani, 2003). Quercetin-3-diglucoside, 3,7-diglucoside, cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside and cyanidin-3-sophoroside-5-glucoside have been isolated from deep yellow flowers; all above compounds and kaempferol-3-xylosylglucoside have been isolated from ivory white flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Cultivated in gardens and homestead.


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Retutn from HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS to Medicinal Plants: Part H