Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ambri, Chandana, Mestapat, Nalita, Patsan, Pulu.
Tribal Name: Kan Sur Ka (Murong); Sada kharo pata (Tanchangya).
English Name: Ambari hemp, Bastard jute, Bimlipatam jute, Bombay hemp, Deccan hemp, Hemp bendy.
Description of the Plant:
A tall, erect, shrub with prickly stems. Leaves 5 cm across, roundish-ovate at base of the stem, the upper deeply palmately 3-5 lobed; lobes narrow-lanceolate serrate, petioles 3.8-5 cm long, sometimes prickly. Flowers large, axillary, solitary, yellow with purple centre. Capsules ovoid, beaked, very hairy.
Seeds are stomachic, appetizer, fattening and aphrodisiac; used as an external application to pains and bruises; cures earache. Leaves are purgative; used in dysentery. Infusion of the leaves is administered in cough. Flower juice with sugar and black pepper is a popular remedy for biliousness with acidity. (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Limonene, phellandrene, α-terpenyl acetate, citral and p-tolualdehyde have been isolated from leaves, fruits and seeds of Egyptian plant. Seeds also contain 19% fatty oil. Leaves contain n-triacontane, n-tetracosane, n-pentacosane, n-hentriacontane, n- dotriacontane, n-tritriacontane, β-amyrin and β-sitosterol; protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, kaempferol-3, 7-O-α-L-dirhamnofuranoside; hexacosane, heptacosane, octacosane, nonacosane, triacontane, hentriacontane, dotriacontane, tetratriacontane, pentatriacontane, hexatriacontane, heptatriacontane, tetracontane, hentacontane, hexacosanol, octacosanol, triacontanol, dotriacontanol and lignoceric, cerotic, montanic and melissic acids. Leaves also contain 5 flavonoid, glycosides, including rutin and isoquercitrin; kaempferol derivative; polyphenols. Flowers contain anthocyanin – cannabinidin, cannabinin, myrtillin, myricetin-3´-α-D-glucoside. Cyclohexanol, fructose, glucose, sucrose and mannose along with an unidentified polyhydroxysteroid, and steroid glycoside have also been isolated from the plant. Plant also contains Vitamin B6, 0.18 mg/100g edible portion (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Cultivated in different parts of the country and in jhum of Hill Tracts.