HIBISCUS CANABINUS L.

Family: Malvaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ambri, Chandana, Mestapat, Nalita, Patsan, Pulu.

Tribal Name: Kan Sur Ka (Murong); Sada kharo pata (Tanchangya).

English Name: Ambari hemp, Bastard jute, Bimlipatam jute, Bombay hemp, Deccan hemp, Hemp bendy.

Description of the Plant:
A tall, erect, shrub with prickly stems. Leaves 5 cm across, roundish-ovate at base of the stem, the upper deeply palmately 3-5 lobed; lobes narrow-lanceolate serrate, petioles 3.8-5 cm long, sometimes prickly. Flowers large, axillary, solitary, yellow with purple centre. Capsules ovoid, beaked, very hairy.

Using Information:
Seeds are stomachic, appetizer, fattening and aphrodisiac; used as an external application to pains and bruises; cures earache. Leaves are purgative; used in dysentery. Infusion of the leaves is administered in cough. Flower juice with sugar and black pepper is a popular remedy for biliousness with acidity. (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Limonene, phellandrene, α-terpenyl acetate, citral and p-tolualdehyde have been isolated from leaves, fruits and seeds of Egyptian plant. Seeds also contain 19% fatty oil. Leaves contain n-triacontane, n-tetracosane, n-pentacosane, n-hentriacontane, n- dotriacontane, n-tritriacontane, β-amyrin and β-sitosterol; protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, kaempferol-3, 7-O-α-L-dirhamnofuranoside; hexacosane, heptacosane, octacosane, nonacosane, triacontane, hentriacontane, dotriacontane, tetratriacontane, pentatriacontane, hexatriacontane, heptatriacontane, tetracontane, hentacontane, hexacosanol, octacosanol, triacontanol, dotriacontanol and lignoceric, cerotic, montanic and melissic acids. Leaves also contain 5 flavonoid, glycosides, including rutin and isoquercitrin; kaempferol derivative; polyphenols. Flowers contain anthocyanin – cannabinidin, cannabinin, myrtillin, myricetin-3´-α-D-glucoside. Cyclohexanol, fructose, glucose, sucrose and mannose along with an unidentified polyhydroxysteroid, and steroid glycoside have also been isolated from the plant. Plant also contains Vitamin B6, 0.18 mg/100g edible portion (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Cultivated in different parts of the country and in jhum of  Hill Tracts.


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Retutn from HIBISCUS CANABINUS to Medicinal Plants: Part H