HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.

Family: Bor aginaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Hatishur.

Tribal Name: Etusure (Chakma); Si Mar Hong, Paaida (Marma).

English Name: Heliotrope.

Description of the Plant:
A coarse somewhat succulent, annual, 15-60 cm high with stout stem and ascending branches, more or less densely hirsute. Leaves 4.5-10 cm long, ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, hairy. Flowers small, pale violet, numerous, sessile, 2-ranked, in simple or rarely forked, usually extra-axillary spikes, 5-15 cm long.

Using Information:
Plants are astringent, emollient, vulnerary and diuretic. It is used as local application for ulcers, sores, wounds, gum boils, skin affections, stings of insects and rheumatism. Leaves are used for ringworm; juice is used in eye disease; decoction is used in fevers and urticaria. Roots are aphrodisiac; used for the cure of night blindness. Decoction of the roots is used in coughs and fevers. Seeds are stomachic. The flowers are considered emmenagogue in small doses and abortifacient in large doses (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Aquous and alcoholic extract of roots are oxytocic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Aerial parts contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, indicine (principal), echinitine, supinine, heleurine, heliotrine, lasiocarpine, its N-oxide, acetyl indicine, indicinine and anti-tumour alkaloid, indicine-N-oxide. The plant also contains rapanone and lupeol and an ester of retronecine. Roots contain high amount of estradiol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).


HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.


Distribution:
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.


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Retutn from HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM to Medicinal Plants: Part H