Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Atmora.
English Name: East Indian Screw-Tree.
Description of the Plant:
A shrub; young shoots clothed with stellate hairs. Leaves bifarious, 7.5-12.5 cm long, oblong, obovate or roundish, cordate, suddenly and shortly acuminate. Flowers red, 2.5-3.8 cm long, bilabiate, in axillary clusters of 2-6 together. Follicles 5, beaked, 5-6.3 cm long, linear, twisted together into the form of a screw.
Leaf paste is used against eczema and other skin diseases. Pods are demulcent and astringent; useful in the griping of bowels and flatulence of children and in chronic dysentery; fried pods are given to children to kill intestinal worms. Bark is used in dysentery, diarrhoea and biliousness. Roots are used in cough and asthma; juice is used in diabetes and stomach affections. Root and stem barks are considered expectorant, demulcent, astringent and antigalactagogue; usefull in griping and scabies (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Pods and bark of stem and root contain phytosterol, a hydroxycarboxylic acid, an orange-yellow colouring matter, saponins, sugars, phlobatannins and lignin. Seeds contain diosgenin. Leaves contain an ester, tetratriacontanyl tetratriacontanoate. Fruits also contain triterpenoids, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, lupeol, friedelin and taraxerone (Ghani, 2003).
Sal forests of Dhaka and Tangail.