Family: Sterculiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Atmora.

English Name: East Indian Screw-Tree.

Description of the Plant:
A shrub; young shoots clothed with stellate hairs. Leaves bifarious, 7.5-12.5 cm long, oblong, obovate or roundish, cordate, suddenly and shortly acuminate. Flowers red, 2.5-3.8 cm long, bilabiate, in axillary clusters of 2-6 together. Follicles 5, beaked, 5-6.3 cm long, linear, twisted together into the form of a screw.

Using Information:
Leaf paste is used against eczema and other skin diseases. Pods are demulcent and astringent; useful in the griping of bowels and flatulence of children and in chronic dysentery; fried pods are given to children to kill intestinal worms. Bark is used in dysentery, diarrhoea and biliousness. Roots are used in cough and asthma; juice is used in diabetes and stomach affections. Root and stem barks are considered expectorant, demulcent, astringent and antigalactagogue; usefull in griping and scabies (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Pods and bark of stem and root contain phytosterol, a hydroxycarboxylic acid, an orange-yellow colouring matter, saponins, sugars, phlobatannins and lignin. Seeds contain diosgenin. Leaves contain an ester, tetratriacontanyl tetratriacontanoate. Fruits also contain triterpenoids, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, lupeol, friedelin and taraxerone (Ghani, 2003).


Sal forests of Dhaka and Tangail.

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Retutn from HELICTERES ISORA to Medicinal Plants: Part H