HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM Koenig

Family: Zingiberaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dolon chapa.

English Name: Common ginger lily, Garland flower.

Description of the Plant:
A tall, rhizomatous herb with leafy stem, up to 1.7 m high. Leaves about 30 cm long, oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Spike 15-30 cm long, compact. Flowers large, white fragrant; corolla tube 7.6 cm long, segments half as long as the tube; staminodes about 5 cm long, oblong-lanceolate; lip broad, shallowly bifid, distinctly clawed. Capsule oblong, orange inside.

Using Information:
Decoction of the rhizome is prescribed in fever. In Hawaii, flowers and roots are used in foetid nostrils. Essential oil from rhizome is anthelmintic. Plant extract is anti-inflammatory (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Plant extract contains furanoid diterpene hedychenone (Asolkar et al., 1992). Rhizome contains 0.25% essential oil, which contains eucalyptol. Leaf contains 0.09% essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990; Yusuf, 1999). Rhizome also contains about 39% starch (Yusuf, 1999).


HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM
HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM Koenig


Distribution:
Cultivated all over the country as an ornamental plant.


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Retutn from HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM to Medicinal Plants: Part H