Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dolon chapa.
English Name: Common ginger lily, Garland flower.
Description of the Plant:
A tall, rhizomatous herb with leafy stem, up to 1.7 m high. Leaves about 30 cm long, oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Spike 15-30 cm long, compact. Flowers large, white fragrant; corolla tube 7.6 cm long, segments half as long as the tube; staminodes about 5 cm long, oblong-lanceolate; lip broad, shallowly bifid, distinctly clawed. Capsule oblong, orange inside.
Decoction of the rhizome is prescribed in fever. In Hawaii, flowers and roots are used in foetid nostrils. Essential oil from rhizome is anthelmintic. Plant extract is anti-inflammatory (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Plant extract contains furanoid diterpene hedychenone (Asolkar et al., 1992). Rhizome contains 0.25% essential oil, which contains eucalyptol. Leaf contains 0.09% essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990; Yusuf, 1999). Rhizome also contains about 39% starch (Yusuf, 1999).
Cultivated all over the country as an ornamental plant.