Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Grewia asiatica L.
Bengali/vernacular name: Phalsa, Pisla, Pesondi, Datoi, Phepsia, Kapaija, Phuldamar, Naris, Deogola, Sakri.
Tribal name: Tara Fru (Marma).
Description of the plant:
A shrub or small tree. Leaves 7-17 cm long, ovate or suborbicular, acute or subacuminate, sharply and often coarsely doubly serrate. Flowers in axillary cymes; petals yellow, oblong or ovate-oblong, about 6 mm long. Fruit globose, 6-8 mm across, red when ripe.
Leaves are used as an application to pustular eruptions. Marma tribes in Chittagong Hill Tracts use leaf-boil water as a hair wash to remove dandruff. Fruits are astringent, cooling, stomachic and aphrodisiac; useful in diarrhoea and fevers. The ripe fruits are tonic and aphrodisiac; allays thirst and burning sensation, cures inflammations, fevers and consumption. Root and bark is used in strangury, gleet and gonorrhoea. Infusion of the bark is demulcent.
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic and hypotensive; aquous extract of stem bark is antidiabetic. Seed extract and seed oil possesses antifertility activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Bark contains taraxasterol, β-sitosterol, erythrodiol β-amyrin, lupeol, betulin, lupenone, friedelin and α-amyrin. Heartwood contains β-sitosterol. Flowers contain δ-lactone of dihydroxyhentiacotanoic acid, β-sitosterol, flavonoids, quercetin, naringenin and the keto-alcohol, grewinol. Fruit pulp has been reported to contain flavonoids, proteins and amino acids (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and different Sal forests.