Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Artemisia maderespatana L.
Bengali/vernacular name: Namuti.
English name: Madras Worm-wood.
Description of the plant:
A prostrate annual herb, branches spreading from the centre, forming patches 15 to 30 cm wide. Leaves sessile, 2.5-6.3 cm long, sinuately pinnatifid; lobes smaller towards the base. Flowers very small, yellow in globose heads, solitary or 2-nate, on short leaf-opposed peduncles.
The herb is antipyretic. Leaves are stomachic, antispasmodic and deobstruent; prescribed in infusion and electuary in cases of obstructed menses and hysteria; also used in preparing antiseptic and anodyne fomentations. A decoction of the roasted leaves is given in cough. Roots are diuretic, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, astringent to the bowels and stimulant; useful in griping, paralysis, rheumatism in knee joint, piles and pain in the muscles. It lessens perspiration (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of plant possesses spasmolytic, antifertility and hypotensive activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The plant contains diterpenoid compounds of labdane and clerodatetrean type, such as the analgesic constituentent-15, 16-epoxy-7-hydroxy-3, 13, 14-clerodatrien-18-oic acid; steroids, chondrillasterone and chondrillasterol; diterpene, strictic acid, a phenylalanine derivative, auranamide and the allergenic compounds, eudesmanolides, (-)-frullanolide, (-)-hydroxyfrullanolide and (+)-grangolide (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.