GOMPHRENA GLOBOSA L.

Family: Amaranthaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Botam phul, Gulmakhamal, Golkamal.
English name: Globe Amaranth, Bachelor’s Buttonhole.

Description of the plant:
A dichotomously branched annual herb, branches hairy or subsilky. Leaves 5-10 cm, subsessile, elliptic or obovate-oblong, acute or obtuse. Heads 2.5-3.7 cm diam., pinkish purple, globose with 2 leafy bracts, peduncled, terminating the branches.

Using information:
Tea or infusion of the flower head is used for children suffering from oliguria, heat and empacho. Leaf tea is used for hypertension, cough and diabetes (Yusuf et al. 2009). EtOH extract of the plant is expectorant in animals (Asolkar et al., 1992).


GOMPHRENA GLOBOSA
GOMPHRENA GLOBOSA L.


Chemical constituents:
The plant chiefly contains flavones and flavonoids glycoside, gomphrenol. Flowers contain β-cyanins, gomphrenin I, II and III (Ghani, 2003). A new methylenedioxyflavonol-gomphrenol has been isolated from leaves infected with tomato bushy stunt virus (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant.


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