Family: Liliaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ulatchandal, Bishlanguli, Bilambuli, Agnishikha.

English name: Malabar Glory Lily, Superb Lily.

Description of the plant:
A herbaceous glabrous branching climber. Leaves sessile, 7.5-15 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, ending in a cirrhate tip. Flowers large, axillary, solitary or subcorymbose towards the ends of the branches; petals 6.3 cm long, linear-lanceolate with crispy waved margins, greenish at first, then yellow, passing through orange and scarlet to crimson. Capsules 4.5 cm long, oblong, 3-lobed.

Using information:
The tubers are tonic, stomachic and anthelmintic in small doses, intensely poisonous in larger doses. It is a gastrointestinal irritant and may cause vomiting and purging; used externally for parasitic skin diseases and in cataplasm for neuralgia. Sometimes used for promoting labour pains and as abortifacient; also considered useful in colic, chronic ulcers and piles. Starch obtained from the tubers is given internally in gonorrhoea. Alkaloid 'colchicine' obtained from the tuber is used for the remedy of gout. Flower is useful for fever and thirst. Leaf juice is used to destroy lice in the hair. Aquous extract of root is ecbolic in animals and human (Asolkar et al., 1992).


Chemical constituents:
Tubers, seeds and flowers contain the alkaloid, colchicines, as the major constituent. They also contain a number of colchicines derivatives, neutral phenolic substances, luteolin, β-sitosterol, its glucosides, β-& γ-lumicolchicines, 2–OH-6-MeO benzoic acid, N-formyldeacetylcolchine, 3-dimethylcolchicine, 2-demethylcolchicine and glucosides of 3- demethylcolchicine. Leaves contain chelidonic acid, colchicines, dimethyl colchicine, N-formyldeacetylcolchincine and lumi-colchicine. Bulbs and seeds also contain colchicine and related alkaloids (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Chittagong and some other district (rare).

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