GLOCHIDION LANCEOLARIUM (Roxb.) Dalz.

Glochidion hohenackeri Bedd.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kechchua, Bhauri; Kakra, Anguti (Sylhet).

Tribal name: Tsekaban (Mogh).

Description of the plant:
A small to medium-sized, evergreen tree with spreading crown. Leaves 6.3-15 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acutely or obtusely acuminate. Flowers small, monoecious or dioecious, in axillary clusters, petals 0. Male flowers greenish yellow with capillary pedicels; female flowers few, sessile, deeper yellow than the male. Capsule 1 cm diam., turnip-shaped, 6-8 lobed, much depressed in the centre.

Using information:
The bark is given medicinally when the stomach revolts against food. EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is CNS depressant, antivirus, hypotensive and hypoglycaemic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Bark and roots contain triterpenes 3-epilupeol, glochidone and glochidiol (Asolkar et al., 1992).

GLOCHIDION LANCEOLARIUM
GLOCHIDION LANCEOLARIUM (Roxb.) Dalz.


Distribution:
Sal forests of Sylhet, Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox’s Bazar.


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