Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Mollugo oppositifolia L., M. spergula L.
Bengali/vernacular name: Gima, Gima-sak, Jima.
Description of the plant:
A diffuse prostrate, annual herb; stems slender, numerous, dichotomously branched. Leaves 13-22 mm long, in whorls of 4-5, unequal, oblanceolate or linear-lanceolate or sometimes spathulate. Flowers small, white, in axillary fascicles of 2 or more, with long filiform pedicels. Capsules ellipsoid, a little shorter than the sepals.
The plant is stomachic, aperient and antiseptic; used in skin diseases and for suppression of the lochia. Warmed herb moistened with castor oil is a good cure for earache. The juice is applied to itch and other skin diseases (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of plant is CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain spergulagenic acid, a saturated triterpenoid sapogenin, spergulagenin A and a tri-hydroxy ketone. Roots contain a glycoside, mollugo glycoside A. α-Spinasterol and β-sitosterol glucoside, bis-nortriterpene sapogenol, spergulatriol, spergulagenol, oleanolic acid, methyl spergulagenate and spergulagenin A have also been isolated from roots (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Throughout the country in moist fallow and cultivated fields and walls.