GARUGA PINNATA Roxb.

Family: Burseraceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ghogar, Nilbhadi, Jeolbhadi, Dabdubi, Joom, Pahari Jiga; Silbhadi, Katrang bhadi, Kharapata, (Chittagong); Kapila, Lalmila (Dhaka); Engla, Hengela (Sylhet).

Tribal name: Moroung-shisha (Mogh); Agri, Chidampha (Garo).

Description of the plant:
A medium-sized to large deciduous tree. Leaves imparipinnate 15-45 cm long; leaflets 13-21, up to 15 cm long, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, oblique, crenate. Flowers small, yellow, in much branched axillary tomentose panicles, several together at the ends of the branches. Drupes black, fleshy, size of a gooseberry, edible.

Using information:
Leaf juice is astringent; given with honey in asthma; also given along with the leaf juice of Adhatoda zeylanica and Vitex trifolia. Fruits are stomachic and expectorant; given in diarrhoea in Rema-Kalenga. Stem juice dropped into the eyes to cure opacities of the conjunctiva. Decoction of the root is given for the treatment of pulmonary affections (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain amentoflavone. Stem bark extract gave positive tests for steroids, terpenes, alkaloids, flavonoids and saponins. An euphane triterpene alcohol has been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).


GARUGA PINNATA
GARUGA PINNATA Roxb.


Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Habiganj, Moulvi Bazar, Dhaka, Tangail (Madhupur).


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