Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Gardenia lucida Roxb.
English Name: White Emetic Nut.
Description of the plant:
A small deciduous tree or large shrub, 6-7.5 m high. Leaves 6.3-20 cm long, elliptic-oblong, subacute. Flowers fragrant, axillary, solitary, from the axils of the uppermost leaves near the ends of the branches; corolla large, white, soon turning yellow. Fruit ellipsoid or globose, 2-2.5 cm diam., smooth, marked with longitudinal lines.
The gum is antiseptic, stimulant and astringent to the bowels; used in cutaneous diseases; increases appetite, relieves constipation, vomiting, pains of bronchitis and destroy maggots in wounds (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Friuts contain a gum-resin. A number of flavonoids are present in the fruit which include gardenins, A, B, C, D & E, demethylated tangeretin, nevadensin and two wogonins; hexacosyl p-coumarate, wogonin derivatives and a flavone (Ghani, 2003).
Forests of Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar.