Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: G. florida L.
Bengali/vernacular name: Gandharaj.
English name: Cape Jesmine.
Description of the plant:
A much branched bushy ornamental shrub. Leaves 2-6 cm long, elliptic ovate, usually acute, shining. Flowers large, very fragrant, solitary in the upper axils; corolla usually double, white, soon turning yellowish, about 5 cm long.
The plant is considered antispasmodic, antiperiodic, cathartic and anthemintic; used externally as an antiseptic. Roots are prescribed in dyspepsia, nervous disorders and hysteria (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is antivirus and spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain iridoid glucosides, gardenoside and geniposide. Flowers contain an essential oil. Fruits contain nonacosane, β-sitosterol and D-mannitol. They also contain iridoid glucosides, gardenoside, shanzhiside, geniposidic acid and genipin-1- β-gentiobioside; gardoside and scandoside methyl ester; geniposide and genipin gentiobioside. The carotenoids, crocetin, crocetin derivatives and crocin are also present in the fruits. A penta-acetyl geniposide with antitumour activity has been isolated from the fruits (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated in gardens.